While for Southern slaves the Civil War represented an escape from bondage, for northern free blacks, the war was an opportunity to assert their full equality with whites while joining in a valorous undertaking. Although initially blacks were excluded from the organization of the Union military, in time black companies were formed, and blacks from northern states became eligible to enlist as soldiers in the Union cause. Continue reading
On April 6, 1899, Washington DC photographer E. B. Thompson rode out to the cemetery at Arlington, where the remains of several hundred officers and soldiers were about to be buried. The men had died in the late war with Spain, a brief affair that both began and ended the previous year, bringing the US control of Spain’s former island possessions—Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines—and the independence of Cuba.
The coffins represented a fraction of the 3,000 Americans who died, felled not so much by their adversaries as by tropical diseases like malaria and yellow fever.
Now, belatedly, they were to be buried. The coffins lay suspended over long trenches dug in a new section of the cemetery. Many of the remains were unidentified, so coffins of the known dead were carefully positioned at the ends of the rows that would be most visible during the ceremony. Thompson positioned himself near the presidential viewing stand and took this picture. It is an image as raw as the landscape itself, the kind of grim tribute to the fallen that we hardly ever see. It was colorized later.
A crowd of some 15,000 people, along with President McKinley and other dignitaries, gathered for the funeral rites. A newspaper in New Brunswick, Canada, carried a full account of the proceedings. The work of burying the coffins began after the crowd dissipated, a tough, tedious job that took several days.
Image: E.B. Thompson photograph, “Interment at Arlington National Cemetery,” 1899.
Courtesy DC Public Library Commons, from this source.